This explains something that has puzzled me for a long time: why government IT projects are always insanely expensive (as well as taking about 30 years). The cost of engineering solutions is directly proportional to the level of politics in the decision making, and nothing is more political than government.
Senior managers doing things for their own political gain? Now there's a surprise.
I was once asked to do an "independent" report on production line issues, it was a bit manufacturing vs engineering I sensed.
When all the evidence and conclusion pointed to mostly manufacturing problems, I was requested by the senior manufacturing boss to NOT publish the report.
A fact of corporate life, the higher you go, the more political it gets.